Agromorphological and economic characterization of 09 accessions of tigernut (Cyperus esculentus L.) from the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon.

Volume 9, Issue 2, April 2024     |     PP. 43-69      |     PDF (1688 K)    |     Pub. Date: June 4, 2024
DOI: 10.54647/economics790457    20 Downloads     1244 Views  

Author(s)

Derik Pierre Sakatai, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, Agricultural Research, Center of Maroua, Cameroon; Department of Agriculture, Animal, Husbandry and Derived Products of National Advanced School of Engineering of the University of Maroua, Cameroon
Yakouba Oumarou, Department of Agriculture, Animal, Husbandry and Derived Products of National Advanced School of Engineering of the University of Maroua, Cameroon

Abstract
In order to enhance and improve the production of underutilized crops, a collection of the various tigernut accessions was carried out in the Kapsiki and Mafa production area of the Mayo-Tsanaga department. However, the lack of knowledge about the plant material used in the cultivation of tigernut (Cyperus esculentus L.) is an obstacle to the control of the cultivation practices of its production. Faced with this situation, a study of the characterization of 09 tigernut accessions was carried out under three different conditions of the production of this culture in order to describe certain qualitative and quantitative characteristics. To conduct these trials, the completely randomized design was used. The qualitative and quantitative parameters collected were analyzed with the XLSTAT software. The results show that, apart from the appearance of the tunic, which is identical in all tigernut accessions, all the other characters are different from each other. In addition, statistical analysis of the data by Principal Component Analysis (PCA) showed that there are 04 distinct classes within the tigernut accessions tested. Only accessions C and E in classes 2 and 3 respectively showed high yield and profits compared to accessions in other classes. The better combination of the factors of production of the different tigernut accessions showed that it would be more profitable to produce with accessions A (Glazay) and E (Wéchéché) respectively because the marginal productivity of the products (reduced cost) is zero. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the types of fertilizers on tigernut accessions with high yield performance.

Keywords
Characterization, Accession, Cyperus esculentus, Yield, Sudano-Sahelian zone

Cite this paper
Derik Pierre Sakatai, Yakouba Oumarou, Agromorphological and economic characterization of 09 accessions of tigernut (Cyperus esculentus L.) from the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon. , SCIREA Journal of Economics. Volume 9, Issue 2, April 2024 | PP. 43-69. 10.54647/economics790457

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