Phylogenetic Systematics of Chrysotus (Diptera, Diaphorinae, Dolichopodidae)—On the Origin and Evelotion of Chrysotus

Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2023     |     PP. 182-215      |     PDF (726 K)    |     Pub. Date: November 6, 2023
DOI: 10.54647/biology180320    116 Downloads     135846 Views  

Author(s)

WEI LIANMENG, Centre for Disease Prevention and Control of Anshun City, Anshun, Guizhou, China

Abstract
According to the concepts, methods and principles of cladistics, and through the discovery of  many synapomorphy, patristic relationship, ancestral-descendant sequence transformation  characters, (recency of common ancestor), in particular, the recurrence of the ancestral-descendant sequence transformation characters in monophyletic groups and subgroups at different levels, the phylogeny of Chrysotus is clarified, on which, the natural history of the origin and evolution of the genus was revealed.

Keywords
Dolichopodidae, Diaphorinae, Chrysotini, Chrysotus, phylogeny, origin and evolution

Cite this paper
WEI LIANMENG, Phylogenetic Systematics of Chrysotus (Diptera, Diaphorinae, Dolichopodidae)—On the Origin and Evelotion of Chrysotus , SCIREA Journal of Biology. Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2023 | PP. 182-215. 10.54647/biology180320

References

[ 1 ] Becker T. 1922a. Dipterologische Studien. Dolichopodidae. B. Nearktische und Neotropische Region [Diptera Study. Dolichopodidae I-III. B. Nearctic and Neotropical Regions]. Abhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschafin Wien 11 arifugus. 13: 1–394.
[ 2 ] Becker T. 1922b. Dipterologische Studien. Dolichopodidae der Indo-Australischen Region [Diptera Study. Dolichopodidae of Indo-Australischen Region] Capita Zoologica. 1(4):1–247.
[ 3 ] Bickel DJ. 2009. Family Dolichopodidae, with annotated key to the New World genera. p.671–694. In: Brown BV, et al. Manual of Central American Diptera: Volume 1, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: NRC Press. 714 pp.
[ 4 ] Brundin,  L. 1968. Application of Phylogenetic Principles in Systematics and Evolutionary Theory. Current Froblems of Lower Vertebrate Phylogy, Фrvig, T.(ed.)1968: 473-495. In: Translated works of cladistic systematics Beijing: Science Press.1983: 253pp. Zhou MZ et al translate.
[ 5 ] Capellari RS. 2015. Review of the longipalpus-group of Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae), with description of four new species. Neotropical Entomology, 44: 47–58.
[ 6 ] Capellari RS, Amorim DS. 2010. Re-description and new combination of five New World species of Chrysotus Meigen, with comments on the Neotropical genus Lyroneurus Loew (Diptera: Dolichopodidae). Zootaxa, 2520: 49–65.
[ 7 ] Capellari RS, Amorim DS. 2012. Systematic position of the monotypic Azorean genus Falbouria Dyte with notes on the defnition of Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae). Zootaxa, 3489: 81–88.
[ 8 ] Fan, ZD. et al. 1988. Diptera: Anthomyiidae. Economic insect fauna of China 37. xiv+396 pp., 10 pIs. (in Chinese, with English descriptions of new taxa).
[ 9 ] Grichanov IY. 2016. A check list of species of the family Dolichopodidae (Diptera) of the World arranged by alphabetic list of generic names [online database]. http://dolicho.narod.ru/Genera3.htm
[ 10 ] Grichanov IY, Brooks SE. 2017. Dolichopodidae (longlegged dance flies). In: Kirk-Spriggs AH. et Sinclair BJ. (Eds.). Manual of Afrotropical Diptera, Nematocerous Diptera and Lower Brachycera. Suricata 5. Pretoria: SANBI Graphics et Editing, pp. 1265–1320.
[ 11 ] Hennig W. 1965. Phylogenetic Systematics, Annual Review of Entomology, 10(1): 97–116.
[ 12 ] Hollis D. 1964. On the Diptera of Nepal (Stratiomyidae, Therevidae and Dolichopodidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology, 15(4): 83–116.
[ 13 ] Liu RS, Liang XM, Yang D. 2017. Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from Guangxi of China with Descriptions of Three New Species. Transactions American Entomological Society, 143(1): 179–188. http://taes. entomo logy-aes.org/.
[ 14 ] Liu RS, Wang MQ, Yang D. 2013. Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from Tibet with descriptions of four new species. Zootaxa, 3717: 169–178.
[ 15 ] Liu RS, Wang MQ, Yang D. 2015a. Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from Shanxi, China, with descriptions of two new species. Zoological Systematics, 40(1): 86–92.
[ 16 ] Liu RS, Wang MQ, Yang D. 2016a. Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from Inner Mongolia with Descriptions of Two New Species. Transactions American Entomological Society, 142(2): 155–165.
[ 17 ] Liu RS, Bian Y, Wang MQ, Yang D. 2016b. Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from Hainan Island with descriptions of four new species. Transactions American Entomological Society, 142(1): 23–34.
[ 18 ] Liu RS, Chang WC, Guo L, Yang D. 2021. The first enlarged-palpus species of Chrysotus (Diptera:Dolichopodidae) in China. Entomotaxonomia (2021) 43(4): 298–302. DOI: 10.11680/entomotax.2021039, ISSN 2095–8609.
[ 19 ] Liu RS, Huang SP, Wang MQ, Yang D. 2019. A review of Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from Palaearctic China. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 145: 75–85.
[ 20 ] Liu RS, Zhong Y, Zhang RF, Yang D. 2020. A study of Chrysotus (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from Sichuan, China with one new species. Entomotaxonomia (2020) 42(2): 1–6. DOI: 10.11680/entomotax.2020016, ISSN 2095–8609.
[ 21 ] Meigen JW. 1824. Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten [Systimatic Description of known from Euroupean dipteral Insecta]. Vol. 4. Hamm, xii + 434 pp., pls. 67–74.
[ 22 ] Negrobov OP. 1980. A revision of Palaearctic species of the genus Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera, Dolichopodidae). I. C. cilipes Meigen and C. laesius Wied. species groups. Ento. Oboz., 59 (2): 415–420. https://doi.org/10.1134/s0013873brevipulvillus080033
[ 23 ] Negrobov OP, Tsurikov MN, Maslova OO. 2000. Revision of the Palaearctic species of the genus Chrysotus Mg. (Diptera, Dolichopodidae), III, Ento. Oboz., 79(1): 227–238 (in Russian). (In Russian, English summary).
[ 24 ] Robinson H, Vockeroth JR (1981) 48. Dolichopodidae.– In: McAlpine JF, Peterson BV, Shewell GE, Teskey HJ, Vockeroth JR and Wood DM. 1981: Manual of Nearctic Diptera,Volume 1. – Agriculture Canada Monograph, Quebec. 674 pp.
[ 25 ] Runyon, JB. 2020. The Dolichopodidae (Diptera) of Montserrat, West Indies. ZooKeys, 966(1): 57–151.
[ 26 ] Van Duzee MC. 1924. A revision of the North American species of the dipterous genus Chrysotus. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, 13(3): 3–53.
[ 27 ] Vockeroth, JR. 1972. A review of the world genera of Mydaeinae, with a revision of the species of New Guinea and Oceania (Diptera: Muscidae), Pacif. Ins. Mon., 29: 15–16.
[ 28 ] Wang MQ, Yang D. 2006. Species of Chrysotus Meigen from Beijing (Diptera: Dolichopodidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrif, 52: 249–255.
[ 29 ] Wang MQ, Yang D. 2008a. New Species of Chrysotus from China (Diptera: Dolichopodidae). In: Xiaocheng Shen, et al. editors, Classifcation and Distribution of Insects in China. 23–32 [in Chinese]. Beijing; China Agricultural Science and Technology Press. 583 pp.
[ 30 ] Wang MQ, Yang D. 2008b. Species of Chrysotus Meigen in Palaearctic China (Diptera: Dolichopodidae). Entomologica Fennica, 15: 232–240.
[ 31 ] Wang MQ, Liu RS, Przhiboro and, Yang D. 2016. New species of Dolichopodidae from eastern Mongolia (Diptera). Entomologica Fennica, 41(1): 102–108.
[ 32 ] Wei LM. 2012a. The evolutionary signifcance on fr/fa ritio of Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera, Dolichopodidae, Diaphorinae), with description of one new genus and fve new species. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 37(3): 611–622.
[ 33 ] Wei LM. 2012b. Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from China with description of new species. Oriental Insects, 46(1): 30–52. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 00305 316.2012.675659
[ 34 ] Wei LM. 2018. A review of the genus Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from China with definition of the leigongshanus species group. Oriental Insects, 52(supplement): 1–158.
[ 35 ] Wei LM, Luo Qinhuai. 2023. the Origin and Evelotion of the Subfamily Diaphorinae (Diptera, Dolichopodidae). Journal of Anshun University, 25(3): 109–115.
[ 36 ] Wei LM, Yang ZH. 2007. Dolichopodidae. In: Li ZZ, Yang MF, Jin DC, editors. Insects from Leigongshan Landscape. 561–587. Guiyang: China: Guizhou Science and Technology Press. 759 pp.
[ 37 ] Wei LM, Zhang LL. 2010. A taxonomic study on Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from Southwest China: description of eleven new species belonging to the redefned C. laesus group. Zootaxa, 2683: 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/00305316.2012.675659
[ 38 ] Wei LM, Zhang LL, Yang ZH, Jiang SG, Li H. 2011. Diptera: Dolichopodidae. Insects from Mayanghe Landscape: 391–412. In: Chen XS, Li ZZ, Jin DC, editors. Guiyang: China: Guizhou Science and Technology Publishing House. 519 pp.
[ 39 ] Wei LM, Zhang L, Zhou ZX. 2014. A review of the genus Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from China with defnition of papuanus species group. Oreintal Insects, 48(3–4): 187–298. https://doi.org/full/10.1080/00305316.2015.1005960
[ 40 ] Yang D, Zhu YJ, Wang MQ, Zhang LL. 2006. World catalog of Dolichopodidae (Insecta: Diptera). Beijing: China Agricultural University Press. 704 pp.
[ 41 ] Yang D, Zhang LL, Wang MQ, Zhu YJ. 2011. Fauna sinica. In: Insecta, Vol.53, Diptera, Dolichopodidae (I, II). Beijing: Science Press. 1912 pp.
[ 42 ] Zhao TQ. 1995. Concepts and methods of systems biology. Beijing: Science Press. 253pp.
[ 43 ] Zhou ZX, Wei LM. 2017. Chrysotus Meigen (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) from China with descriptions of fIve new species belonging to the C. laesus group. Oreintal Insects, 51(3): 227–245. https://doi.org/10.1080/00305316.2016.1276486